Ageing presents its own set of difficulties, and seniors in India ought to be aware of crucial support systems above all. Of these, the Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS), which aims to improve the lives of seniors 60 years of age and older, stands out as a remarkable example of both societal care and financial stability. Let’s know the importance and effects of IGNOAPS in promoting a secure and honorable aging experience as we look at the information that every Indian senior should be aware of.

Among the programs aimed at improving the lives of citizens the “Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS)” holds great significance as part of the broader National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP). Created by the government on August 15, 1995, the NSAP aims to provide financial support to elderly individuals who lack a reliable source of income ensuring they can live their lives with dignity and comfort.

The “Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS)” is one of five sub-schemes that make up the National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP). Its purpose is to offer aid to citizens aged 60 years and above who fall below the poverty line, in India. Under this scheme eligible recipients receive a pension of ₹200 until they reach 79 years old at which point it increases to ₹500.

The Indian government initiated the NSAP along, with the IGNOAPS on August 15 1995. The main goal of this program is to provide assistance to individuals who are financially disadvantaged and do not have a reliable source of income or support, from their families or other sources. Identifying these beneficiaries is the responsibility of the States and Union Territories.

As part of its comprehensive approach to social welfare, the IGNOAPS is a beacon of hope for many elderly citizens in India, offering them a lifeline in their age years. Understanding its eligibility criteria, benefits, and application process is crucial for every senior citizen, as it can significantly enhance their quality of life and well-being.

The NSAP at present includes five sub-schemes as its components

·        Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS)

·        Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS)

·        Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS)

·        National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS)

·        Annapurna Scheme

Objectives of NSAP

A sophisticated social assistance programme has been put in place to give impoverished households the necessary support during difficult periods like the death of the main breadwinner, becoming a mother, or growing older. In addition to providing a baseline of national standards, this project also enhances the benefits that particular states currently provide and may in the future. The main objective is to provide social protection to beneficiaries across the nation so as to provide continuous assistance to those who need it. This initiative demonstrates a dedication to establishing a national safety net that attends to significant life events and advances a more equal and safe society.


Eligibility for the National Social Assistance Program (NSAP) is contingent upon several criteria, such as:-

  • Firstly, applicants must hold Indian citizenship, establishing a fundamental requirement for participation.
  • Individuals seeking assistance through NSAP must be living below the poverty line, ensuring that the program effectively targets those facing economic hardships.
  • The age criterion mandates that applicants be a minimum of 60 years old, underscoring a focus on providing support to the elderly.

The Ministry of Rural Development oversees the implementation and management of the NSAP, extending its reach to both urban and rural areas.

This inclusive approach underscores the program’s commitment to addressing the needs of vulnerable populations across diverse places.

IGNOAPS represents India’s dedication to ensuring the welfare of its senior persons and serves as a key lifeline for the country’s senior citizens. The programme tackles elders’ financial difficulties and highlights the value of social inclusion by giving financial aid to people who are 60 years of age or older and are below the poverty line. It makes a major contribution to improving older citizens’ quality of life nationwide. In addition to providing financial security, it serves as a symbol of societal acceptance of the rights and valuable contributions made by the aged, promoting an elderly-friendly community.